Adobe Photoshop is a powerful image editing software developed by Adobe Systems. Widely used by photographers, graphic designers, and digital artists, it offers a vast array of tools and functionalities for photo manipulation, retouching, graphic design, and digital art creation. Photoshop supports layers, which allows users to work on individual elements without affecting others, and offers a rich set of brushes, filters, and effects. Its capabilities extend beyond static images, allowing for basic video editing and GIF creation. With its robust features, Photoshop has become the industry standard for digital image processing.

Module 1: Photoshop Basics

Introduction to Photoshop

Adobe Photoshop is a software application for image editing and photo retouching for use on Windows or macOS computers. Created in 1988 by Thomas and John Knoll, Photoshop provides a wide range of tools and functionalities to enhance, edit, and create images from scratch.

Understanding the Workspace

Photoshop has a customizable workspace, comprised of menus, panels, and tools. Familiarity with this environment is key for efficient editing. The 'Layers' panel is particularly critical, as it allows for non-destructive editing.

Basic Tools Overview

Photoshop provides a plethora of tools such as the Brush, Clone Stamp, and Eraser. Each tool has a unique function and can be selected from the Tools panel, usually located on the left side of the workspace.

Opening and Saving Files

Photoshop supports various file formats, from its proprietary PSD to JPEG, PNG, and more. Understanding which format to use based on the task is crucial for maintaining image quality and desired characteristics.

Module 2: Layers and Masks

Introduction to Layers

Layers are like stacked transparent sheets on which images can be drawn or pasted. They allow for non-destructive editing and can be individually manipulated, ensuring flexibility during the editing process.

Creating and Managing Layers

You can create a new layer using the 'Layers' panel. Layers can be rearranged, grouped, hidden, and their blending modes and opacities can be adjusted for desired effects.

Understanding Layer Masks

Layer masks allow for hiding and revealing portions of a layer. They provide a non-destructive way to edit an image layer's visibility without permanently deleting portions of it.

Using Adjustment Layers

Adjustment layers apply color and tonal adjustments to an image without permanently changing pixel values. For example, you can adjust the brightness or contrast of an image without altering the original image.

Module 3: Image Adjustments and Filters

Color and Tonal Adjustments

Photoshop provides various tools and options to adjust color and tone, such as Levels, Curves, and Hue/Saturation adjustments, ensuring images can be color-corrected to desired specifications.

Retouching and Healing Tools

Retouching tools, like the Spot Healing Brush, Patch, and Clone Stamp, help remove unwanted blemishes or objects from images, providing a cleaner and refined look.

Applying Filters

Photoshop's Filter gallery offers a variety of effects to apply to images, from sharpening details to creating artistic renditions. Filters like Gaussian Blur, Liquify, and Lens Correction are essential tools in the editor's arsenal.

Transforming Images

Photoshop provides various tools to resize, rotate, skew, or warp images, ensuring flexibility in achieving the desired composition or perspective.

Module 4: Advanced Photoshop Techniques

Smart Objects and Smart Filters

Smart Objects preserve an image's source content with all its original characteristics, allowing for non-destructive editing. Smart Filters, applied to Smart Objects, can be adjusted, masked, or removed without affecting the original layer.

Blending Modes

Blending modes dictate how two layers interact visually. By changing a layer's blending mode, effects like multiply, screen, or overlay can be achieved, opening up a realm of creative possibilities.

Advanced Selection Techniques

Advanced selection tools, such as the Pen Tool or the Select and Mask workspace, allow for precise and intricate selections, ensuring detailed editing in complex scenarios.

Working with Text and Typography

Photoshop provides extensive text tools for both artistic and paragraph text. Understanding kerning, tracking, leading, and font choice is essential for creating professional-quality designs and layouts.